Title: The Effect of Criminal Justice Decisions on Community Safety
Abstract: During this talk we will, time permitting, examine several law enforcement actor’s impact on community safety, including law enforcement, prosecutors and judges. To start, we examine the impact of law enforcement race and gender on use of force. We first show that conditioning on arrests has the potential to greatly impact the results obtained. Instead, we make use of an instrumental variable approach to examine the as-if random assignment of officers to calls for service. Leveraging this randomness, we identify the effect of officer race and gender on the likelihood that force is used during the call. Next, we focus our attention on prosecutors and leverage a unique situation where prosecutors are no longer able to pursue low-level drug charges. In the absence of such charges, we examine the impact of not prosecuting low-level drug offenses on drug overdoses and drug abuse admissions. Finally, we examine the effect of an exogenous increase in judge salaries on the likelihood that cases are overturned on appeal.
Prof. Gregory DeAngelo is an Associate Professor of Economic Sciences at the Claremont Graduate University